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Russians and Incomes
Bashkirova and partners is introducing the publication on another study devoted to living standard in Russian people. How they estimate changes in their financial state in 2015? Who, do they think, is responsible for such a state of things?
About a half of respondents (53%) have shared their financial state has worsened in 2015. A third of the surveyed (36%) say they don’t notice any changes, and 7% have even acknowledged some improvement. The retired Russians have certainly suffered the most (the percentage of those noting worsening in the financial state makes 61%), while the young of between 18 and 29 of age are found to be the most successful in this time (only 41% of these have sensed the negative changes). It’s worth noting, those are not retired alone who have suffered, but also all the respondents with lower incomes: we find 77% of such in those who could hardly make ends meet (with option of “we have not enough money even to buy food”) and 44% in the middle class representatives.
This is not surprising, since the percentage of food products is higher within household budgets with lower incomes respondents, and we know that the food product inflation has significantly exceeded the general value over the year.
Despite that fact that 74% of respondents are showing confidence in this country government, 42% of interviewed Russians believe it’s exactly the government which “to great extent” is responsible for their financial standing today. We should note that according to respondents’ judgmental estimates of their income, 21% of them face issues in relation of buying food and clothing, and additional 53% can’t afford buying large home electronics (like a fridge, a washing machine and so on). It’s remarkable that the higher a respondent’s income is, the least is his or her willingness to delegate to the Russian authorities the responsibility for personal financial state (except that part of the poorest who evidently don’t already hope that the government social policies are capable of helping them out of state of need).
The percentage of respondents thinking that the Russian president and the government are responsible for their household’s financial situation is less in the young people category (by 11% down vs. the category of retired) and also in higher school graduates (down by 6% compared to people holding no university diplomas). This is consistent with the above indicated figures, as the respondents with higher education typically have greater incomes.
This study was conducted in November 2015 based on all-Russia random route sample in adults (18+) by means of face-to-face interviews in place of residence. Altogether 1500 respondents in 8 federal districts, 150 settlements, in 200 sample points have been surveyed. The sample error makes ± 2,5% by C.I. of 95%.