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No Confidence in the State Duma and Parties
People’s confidence in most relevant establishments of the political system is an essential pre-condition for any society consistent development. We keep on running the research on Russians’ mindset in terms of the political system components. Bashkirova and partners has conducted a representative survey dedicated to Russians’ trust in political establishments. The first wave of the study was undertaken in February 2013, while the second wave came in February 2014.
All the surveys detect the highest confidence level people have in the President, however the reason for this is that the confidence level measurement in relation of this institution cannot be made separately from confidence measurement undertaken in relation of an individual, taking the position of the Russian President. In this given survey we have decided to exclude him from the list of people, suggested for agencies’ rating. Instead we have focused on depersonalized political establishments, which are the Russian government (the least associated with the Prime minister’s personality), federal, regional and local level legislative bodies.
50% of Russians used to have confidence in the Russian government in 2014, while we had the figure of 55% in 2013. We may assume the economic situation worsening as well as the unpopular reform for the RAS had negative impact on the government rating.
Only 33% of respondents say they trust in the State Duma (which is 2 p.p. less than last year’s figure). The low level of confidence in the parliament like this could be explained by adoption of a series of disputable laws and the passive stand of the parliament groups in time of discussion of the most dramatic political events in this country.
It’s remarkable that the local level and the regional authorities enjoy greater confidence than the federal assembly. In 2014 38% of the interviewed had confidence in local government (which is by 5 p.p.* less if compared to 2013), while 37% do for the Federal subjects authorities (once again the figure is 5% less than early 2013). It’s worth noting, restoration of electivity of regional bosses has not lead to the confidence level growth as it was expected.
The political parties enjoy the lowest confidence rating. In 2014 these were trusted by 25%, i.e. by 3 p.p. less than a year ago. Perhaps the confidence level this low is related to that the Russian political parties have no strong links to those social groups and strata, whose interests they are seemingly aspiring to advocate (or at least declare that advocacy). The most of the population, perhaps, perceive these as elite groups, seeking for power and thus competing with each other, and yet in no way being connected to their everyday aspirations, hopes and problems.
The study was conducted in February 2013 and February 2014 based on all-Russia, random route sample (18+) using face-to-face interviews in place of residence. Altogether 1000 respondents in 8 federal districts, 100 settlements, 200 sampling points - have been interviewed. The sample error makes up 3,1%.
* percentage point