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Are these values liberal or conservative?

“Bashkirova and Partners” Independent Research Agency introduces you the results of our recently conducted study, which is devoted to research of political values of Russians. We often hear about opposition of conservative and liberal values and confrontation of people who belong to different political sides. But shouldn’t we learn first, which values Russians consider conservative and which are not?


We asked respondents which of these values they consider liberal, conservative and universal ones.

Acknowledgement of a value as universal is the most popular answer (30-40%). We assume that on the one hand, it was a proper answer for people who really believe such values as family, security or faith are above ideology and relevant for everyone regardless of their political preferences. On the other hand, for a certain part of respondents it was a good answer to hide that in reality they don’t.

It is notable that for a number of values (such as freedom of speech, patriotism, traditional moral standards, family) a ratio between those who say a value belongs to traditional or liberal one is circa 3 to 1 and more. It means that respondents marked those values as belonging to a particular ideological paradigm quite confidently.  

For such values as equal opportunities, security of a person, immunity of private property a ratio is almost 1 to 1.

 Such values as equality before the law, privacy and supremacy of law are recognized as conservative ones with a ratio 2 to 3 (in reality being a basis of liberal ideology though!).

This is a matter to cast doubt on hard opposition of conservative and liberal values which got popular in Russian public sphere. We shouldn’t take distribution of respondent’s opinions on certain subjects (modern art, place of church in the society, homosexualism, teenage fashion, political rights, migration, etc.) as opposition of ideological paradigms with clearly marked and unambiguously understandable frontiers. In comparison to political activists and agenda-driven journalists, “typical citizens” don’t think in terms of coherent ideological systems but form their opinion on certain subjects based on their experience. 



The study was conducted in August 7-10, 2016 on national random route sample of Russian citizens (18+) by means of face-to-face interviews in place of residence. 1500 respondents in 8 federal districts, 129 settlements, 238 sampling points have been surveyed. Sampling error ± 2.5% by C.I. of 95%.  


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